储能科学与技术

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超级电容器研究进展:从电极材料到储能器件

宋维力,范丽珍   

  1. 北京科技大学新材料技术研究院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-06 修回日期:2016-08-01 出版日期:2016-11-01 发布日期:2016-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 范丽珍,教授,从事储能材料与器件研究,E-mail:fanlizhen@ustb.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:宋维力(1984—),男,博士,副研究员,从事碳基功能材料研究,E-mail:weilis@ustb.edu.cn;
  • 基金资助:
    国家纳米重大科学研究计划青年科学家(2015CB932500),国家自然科学基金(51532002,51372022,51575030),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(FRF-TP-15-048A3)资助项目。

Advances in supercapacitors: From electrodes materials to energy storage devices

#br# SONG Weili, FAN Lizhen   

  1. Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-07-06 Revised:2016-08-01 Online:2016-11-01 Published:2016-11-01

摘要: 随着绿色储能器件的快速发展,超级电容器作为兼具高比能量与高比功率的优点,在储能领域具有重要发展潜力的新型储能器件,本综述从超级电容器的电极材料出发,详细概括了超级电容器电极材料的发展,包括双电层电容材料、赝电容材料以及双电层/赝电容复合材料;在此基础上,基于固态电解质,深入讨论了近年来全固态超级电容器的典型构型,针对性地总结了提高储能器件储能容量的关键问题。最后,基于电极材料与电解液的研究焦点,对超级电容器的研究提出了未来发展方向。

关键词: 超级电容器, 储能器件, 碳材料, 绿色能源

Abstract:  With the sustainable development of green energy storage devices, supercapacitors that hold both high energy density and power density have shown significant potential in the energy storage filed. In this work, we reviewed the advancement achieved in the supercapacitor electrodes, including electrical double-layer, pseudo-capacitive and their hybrid electrodes. On the basis of the electrodes, the typical prototypes of all-solid-state supercapacitors have been intensively discussed with the employment of solid-state electrolytes, and key parameters for promoting the energy density of the devices have been summarized. According to the critical issues in the electrodes and electrolytes, the perspective toward supercapacitor research and development has been proposed.

Key words: supercapacitors, energy storage devices, carbon materials, green energy